Try printing this page from your browser to use as a reference. Click on this image for a larger version - approx. 11" x 8"
NOTE: The large image size is 11 x 8 inches only when downloaded and printed via a graphics program i.e. paint, paintshop-pro, photoshop or similar.
Printing it via a browser will require a landscape format page-setting and also may produce a smaller image.

#1 - Alizarin Crimson 
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
#10 - Neutral Tint

[PY] - Pale Yellow = #5+ #7
[WM] - watery wash of WarmMauve = #1+#2+#6

[MB] - Medium Brown = #7+[ML].

cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

Masking fluid is applied before colour application - when colour has totally dried remove where indicated.
Woodland Walk


Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.
Basic Mixing Method.
More water in the wash gives a pale or weak wash, more colour produces a stronger wash. Most mixes require only two colours, one will be darker than the other. Mix sufficient quantity of the lighter colour and just keep adding small quantities of the darker colour until you feel happy with it, keep checking your progress on your trial pad. I will try to create and present a chart of basic colour mixes (each being two colour mixes) Lilac is most common and rather difficult to achieve .see [*note] »

Planning the painting: This is very important!
First read through all the notes - mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix strong or weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

[*note] on mixing Lilac or [ ML] Mauve Lilac:
From the feedback I've received mixing this colour seems to require a comment. When mixing two colours where one is much darker than the other, I would always mix sufficient quantity of just the pale colour, adding the darker colour by small amounts, until the correct tone and hue are achieved, continually using my test pad. However when both colours are dark, you need to decide which has the most intense staining quality. In this instance I feel that #1[Alizarin Crimson] is far more intense than #2 [French Ultramarine] so first mix sufficient #2 and add very small amounts of #1 until Lilac is reached, it's better to be too blue than violet. Try it out on your - trial pad!

Latex Masking Fluid:
This must be applied first - use an old No.4 brush which is past its best. Apply before you start to mix your colours below.

Cleaning your brush
~ see note »

[a note on] Removing the Masking Fluid from your painting:
First pass your cursor over the above picture to reveal a second picture:
Make sure the paper is totally dry - (if even slightly damp the paper surface will tear) - gently at first, rub you finger over the area to be removed and continue until it is all gone. Check the above picture to see what has been removed and what has been left for the next stage. ie cow parsley and LH fence.

[a note on] Cleaning your brush: To aid in the cleansing of latex masking fluid from your brush, try working liquid dish washing soap into the bristles of your brush prior to use, but you must remove all the excess on a paper towel before you commence to apply the masking fluid to your watercolour paper.

Three Colour mixes required:

TheSky and overall application
ref.1:-Mix a pale strength wash of #5 Raw Sienna and #7 Burnt Umber
ref.2:-Mix a pale strength wash of #2    
Ultramarine and sm #1 Alizarin Crimson
and also #6 Light Red

Foliage on LH trees
ref.3:-Mix a medium strength wash of #7 Burnt Umber and add some of the above colour you have just mixed, ref.2

Check the colours you have just mixed on your trial pad only continue when you are happy with their strength and quantity!!

Applying the colour washes.

Making sure the masking fluid is totally dry, loosely apply clean water to the top half of the paper. Apply ref.1: the pale yellow leaving the area around the signpost almost white. While the paper is still wet apply ref.2: the pale [Mauve Lilac] colour where indicated on the picture. Allow to dry.
Wet (though not excessively) with clean water the the area around the top of the left-hand trees over the masking fluid, and apply ref.3: the Medium Brown colour into the wet area as indicated on the picture.


art class projectsbasic materials | art books ]
[ the drawing | painting stage-1 | painting stage-2 | painting stage-3 | painting stage-4 ]
[ painting-1-11x8 | painting-2-11x8 | painting-3-11x8 | painting-4-11x8 ]
painting-3-UHRpainting-4-UHR ]