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COLOURS USED
#1 - Alizarin Crimson
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
BASIC COLOUR MIXES

[LG] - Light Green = #4+ #5
[MG] - Medium Green = #2+ #9
[DG] - Dark Green = #3+ #7+#5
[ML] - Mauve Lilac = #1+ #2 [*see note]
[RG] - Rich Grey = #2+ #7
[WG] - Warm Grey = #2+ #6

[CS] - Cold Stone= #1+#2+ #7

cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "small amount"

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Three Shires Head

FIRST STAGE
APPLICATION


Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour.
Planning the painting:
Mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix strong or weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!


The Sky: Wet in wet application
Turn your picture upside down and slightly tilted, work from the hill line towards you.
Mix separately the three colours #3 and #6 and #8.
Load a good size brush with #8 and apply starting at the hill line. Leave dry paper in the area that will be blue, into the still wet Naples Yellow, drop Light Red which should spread, control the tilt of your board, now add #3 to the dry paper allowing the other colours to flood towards you.
Blot up any excess colour that may have flooded onto your table or onto your lap!!
Use these same 3 colours for the river but not the waterfalls.



Mixing Mauve Lilac: *note
From the feedback I've received mixing this colour seems to require a comment. When mixing two colours where one is much darker than the other, I would always mix sufficient quantity of just the pale colour adding the darker colour by small amounts until the correct tone and hue are achieved, continually using my test pad.
When both colours are dark, decide which has the most intense staining quality. In this instance I feel that #1 is by far more intense than #2 so first mix sufficient #2 and add very small amounts of #1 until Lilac is reached, it's better to be too blue than violet.

The Snow:
Having mixed sufficient Mauve/Lilac apply above the pencil lines which indicate the folds in the landscape, soften the top edge of your stroke using a brush containing only clean water. Study the large picture carefully to see how this is achieved.
The bridge and rock colours are as stated [CS] A point to be aware of when painting the bridge is to be sure to leave the white paper which will become the snow on the bridge and its arch. The greenery is as stated [MG].
     



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