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#1 - Alizarin Crimson 
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
#10 - Neutral Tint

[ML] - Mauve Lilac = 2+ 1 [*see note]
[DF] - Dark Fur = 7 + 2

cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

Springer Spaniel


Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.
Basic Mixing Method.
More water in the wash gives a pale or weak wash, more colour produces a stronger wash. Most mixes require only two colours, one will be darker than the other. Mix sufficient quantity of the lighter colour and just keep adding small quantities of the darker colour until you feel happy with it, keep checking your progress on your trial pad. I will try to create and present a chart of basic colour mixes (each being two colour mixes) Lilac is most common and rather difficult to achieve .see [*note] »

Planning the painting: This is very important!
First read through all the notes - mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix strong or weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

[*note] on mixing Lilac or [ ML] Mauve Lilac:
From the feedback I've received mixing this colour seems to require a comment. When mixing two colours where one is much darker than the other, I would always mix sufficient quantity of just the pale colour, adding the darker colour by small amounts, until the correct tone and hue are achieved, continually using my test pad. However when both colours are dark, you need to decide which has the most intense staining quality. In this instance I feel that #1[Alizarin Crimson] is far more intense than #2 [French Ultramarine] so first mix sufficient #2 and add very small amounts of #1 until Lilac is reached, it's better to be too blue than violet. Try it out on your - trial pad!

Colour required:

Under the chin and the Chest fur.
4 colours required:
1:-Mix a very weak [pale] wash of #7 Burnt Umber,
2:- also mix a weak [pale]
wash of [ ML]
-add a little of the ML colour to the Burnt Umber wash, this will be the basic colour for the chest fur.
4:-Mix a stronger wash of Burnt Umber and ML for use under the chin.

The Brown Fur Areas:-
3 colours required:

1: A medium strength mix of [ML] Lilac
2: A medium strength mix of [DF] Dark Fur (see basic colour mixes above).

3: Also Into a weaker mix of [DF] add a little of #6 Light Red this is for the lighter coloured fur, use this colour as a colour glaze, which is not so strong that the previous colour is hidden but strong enough to subtly change its colour.

.The Nose:
1 Colour required:

A weak strength mix of #1 Crimson Alizarin add sufficient [ML] to create the required colour (see large picture)
Use the large picture for guidance with colour and detail

The Applications:

Chest Fur:

Start with the colour under the chin and work down introducing the other colour mixes. Adding the colours to achieve the desired effect of contrast where neccessary.
(refer to the large picture for guidance)

The Applications continued:

The Brown Fur Areas:-
Start on the left hand side of the head the head at the top with the 1st. mix medium strength [ML] into this add the 2nd colour [DF] and work around the eyes and down at the bottom of the ears use the 3rd colour which inludes Light Red. Use the same method for the right hand side of the head. (refer to the large picture for guidance)


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