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#1 - Alizarin Crimson 
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
#10 - Neutral Tint

[ML] - Mauve Lilac = 2+ 1 [*see note]
[BG] -Base Green = 9+ 3+5
[DF] - Dark Fur = 7 + 2

cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

Springer Spaniel


Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.
Basic Mixing Method.
More water in the wash gives a pale or weak wash, more colour produces a stronger wash. Most mixes require only two colours, one will be darker than the other. Mix sufficient quantity of the lighter colour and just keep adding small quantities of the darker colour until you feel happy with it, keep checking your progress on your trial pad. I will try to create and present a chart of basic colour mixes (each being two colour mixes) Lilac is most common and rather difficult to achieve .see [*note] »

Planning the painting: This is very important!
First read through all the notes - mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix strong or weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

[*note] on mixing Lilac or [ ML] Mauve Lilac:
From the feedback I've received mixing this colour seems to require a comment. When mixing two colours where one is much darker than the other, I would always mix sufficient quantity of just the pale colour, adding the darker colour by small amounts, until the correct tone and hue are achieved, continually using my test pad. However when both colours are dark, you need to decide which has the most intense staining quality. In this instance I feel that #1[Alizarin Crimson] is far more intense than #2 [French Ultramarine] so first mix sufficient #2 and add very small amounts of #1 until Lilac is reached, it's better to be too blue than violet. Try it out on your - trial pad!

Colour required:

Under the chin and the Chest fur.
4 colours required:
1:-Mix a weak [pale] wash of #7 Burnt Umber,
2:- also mix a weak [pale] wash of [ ML]
-add a little of the ML colour to the Burnt Umber wash, this will be the basic colour for the chest fur.
4:-Mix a slightly stronger wash of Burnt Umber for use under the chin.

TheSky or Background
4 Colour mixes required:
.1:-Mix a weak [pale] wash of #8 Naples Yellow
.2:-Mix a weak/pale wash of #6 Light Red.
3:-Mix a wash of #3 Winsor Blue medium strength (better too pale than too strong).
4:- Mix a weak/pale wash of Lilac.
See the large picture and compare your colour mixes on your trial pad. A definition of pale/weak or strong can only make sense if you have an example to compare your mix against.

The Green Area:-
1 colour required:
I suggest this part will be more easily achieved by applying seperately.

Mix a wash slightly stronger wash than the sky area, using,
#5 Raw Sienna #9 Winsor Yellow and #3 Wisor Blue.This is the [BG] mix
Click here to see the large picture as an aid to determine where these colours are applied.

The Brown Fur Areas:-
3 colours required:

1: A medium strength mix of [ML] Lilac
2: A medium strength mix of [DF] Dark Fur (see basic colour mixes above).

3: Also Into a weaker mix of [DF] add a little of #6 Light Red this is for the lighter coloured fur.

.The Nose:
1 Colour required:

A weak strength mix of #1 Crimson Alizarin add sufficient [ML] to create the required colour (see large picture)

The Applications:

Chest Fur:
Apply First:

Start with the colour under the chin and work down introducing the other three colour mixes wet in wet. As you apply the brush strokes leave areas of dry/white paper which will start to create the effect of highlights and muscle. Soften off the bottom using your clean water brush. Leave until completly dry.

Wet in wet application required..
The sky/background is the second application and needs to be achieved quickly with no fussing - if any area is allowed to begin drying or even losing the glossy wet look, the required wet in wet effect will not take place.. (If you are unsure mix enough colour to have a quick practice run) Pale Naples Yellow applied first , then very pale Light Red introduced sparingly as wet in wet.. Slightly stronger than pale, Winsor Blue added in the appropriate areas.
Work down the paper on both sides of the dog to level with the bottom of the dog's ears or the half way grid line. Below this point add clean water to soften the wash off. Allow to dry completely.

Green Area:-
The application:-

Using your clean water brush start to apply clean water from above the half way grid line to level with half way down the dog's chest, into this add your green mix so that it appears to merge with the previously applied sky area, work your way down to the bottom of the picture.

The Applications continued:

The Brown Fur Areas:-
Start on the left hand side of the head the head at the top with the 1st. mix medium strength [ML] into this add the 2nd colour [DF] and work around the eyes and down at the bottom of the ears use the 3rd colour which inludes Light Red. Use the same method for the right hand side of the head. (refer to the large picture for guidance)

The eyes are a medium strength Light Red for the top half of the iris, with a paler bottom half using Raw Sienna


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