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#1 - Alizarin Crimson 
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
#10 - Neutral Tint

[WG] - Warm Grey = #6+ #10 (medium strength)

cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

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Mow Cop Castle


Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.
Basic Mixing Method.
More water in the wash gives a pale or weak wash, more colour produces a stronger wash. Most mixes require only two colours, one will be darker than the other. Mix sufficient quantity of the lighter colour and just keep adding small quantities of the darker colour until you feel happy with it, keep checking your progress on your trial pad. I will try to create and present a chart of basic colour mixes (each being two colour mixes) Lilac is most common and rather difficult to achieve .see [*note] »

Planning the painting: This is very important!
First read through all the notes - mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix strong or weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

[*note] on mixing Lilac or [ ML] Mauve Lilac:
From the feedback I've received mixing this colour seems to require a comment. When mixing two colours where one is much darker than the other, I would always mix sufficient quantity of just the pale colour, adding the darker colour by small amounts, until the correct tone and hue are achieved, continually using my test pad. However when both colours are dark, you need to decide which has the most intense staining quality. In this instance I feel that #1[Alizarin Crimson] is far more intense than #2 [French Ultramarine] so first mix sufficient #2 and add very small amounts of #1 until Lilac is reached, it's better to be too blue than violet. Try it out on your - trial pad!

The Sky 1:
Read through all the sky notes before you start, then there will be no surprises half way through the applications.
First mix the required amount of colours, a medium strength wash of #3Winsor Blue; a pale wash of #8Naples Yellow; a pale wash of #6Light Red; and a medium strength wash of Warm Grey #6 + #10 (Careful you don't go too strong with this mix)

The Sky 3:
Winsor Blue - While the paper is still wet with the clean water and the board is still at the same angle, now using the size 12 brush loaded with the Winsor Blue wash allow the colour to drift off the brush onto the wet paper, first at the top left. It will follow the path you created with water and stop where you wanted it to. Progress across the page using the above picture as a guide.
You are now ready to apply your Naples Yellow wash, again quickly you don't want to allow any of the colours to begin to dry at this stage. Apply the colour into the dry areas of white paper taking care not to touch wet blue areas above the white. Under the darker cloud areas (see above) it should be Naples Yellow. Don't stir it into the blue or it will turn green let it just flow down. Now apply your Light Red wash, into the Naples Yellow but not so far up as to overpower the the Naples Yellow completely. Now you've reached this stage there is probably so much colour and water on the paper that it's ready to flood all over your desk. Using your Light Red brush bring it down to the bottom and swish it off the page.

The Sky 2:
Angle your board so that the top right corner is higher than the left, about a 45° degree angle. This will allow the applications to flow straight down but achieve the angled direction effect of top right down to bottom left.
Using a size 12 brush to first apply clean water, starting at the top left, stroke on so that brush hits the paper leaving dry areas of paper
. Progress across the paper applying more water at the mid-section and the right than you did at the left, leaving areas of dry paper this will give a contrasting sparkle giving the clouds a silver lining effect. Study the picture and you will see what I mean.
You will now apply the Winsor Blue quickly while the clean water application is still wet.

The Sky 4:
Now using your size 12 brush apply your dark cloud mix, again let the colour float off your brush in the areas indicated on the example above. It shouldn't be too dark, just a nice medium tone warm grey. Progress along from left to right trying to create an interesting shape, with a build up of cloud on the left side which will be behind the castle, then as you pass the mid section there is a lighter area that penetrates down so that the dark cloud doesn't just go right across you will now have a build up of colour again using pale light red in your brush bring it all down and swish it off the page.
That's it take a breather. you may want to try it a couple of times to get a satisfactory result. When you have a sky your'e happy with, that may be a good time to do the drawing of the castle.




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