Try printing this page from your browser to use as a reference. Click on this image for a larger version - approx. 11" x 8"
NOTE: The large image size is 11 x 8 inches only when downloaded and printed via a graphics program i.e. paint, paintshop-pro, photoshop or similar.
Printing it via a browser will require a landscape format page-setting and also may produce a smaller image.
To access the UHR (Ultra-High-Resolution) images see the links at the bottom of the page.

COLOURS USED shown in dark blue
#1 - Alizarin Crimson 
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
#10 - Neutral Tint

[SS] - SandStone = #6 + sm#2
[SW] - Sky Water = #3 Winsor Blue wash med Strgth


cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

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Click for Larger version
Laugharne Castle


Standard Notes:
Planning the painting: This is very important!
First read through all the notes - mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix too strong or too weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.

Basic Mixing Method.
More water in the wash gives a pale or weak wash, more colour produces a stronger wash. Most mixes require only two colours, one will be darker than the other. Mix sufficient quantity of the lighter colour and just keep adding small quantities of the darker colour until you feel happy with it, keep checking your progress on your trial pad.

1 The castle undertone:
Apply clean water with a 12 brush, to a level slightly further down than the top of the castle and trees.
Introduce your [SS] wash into the wet area at the level of the castle battlements and top of the trees.
.Proceed down using a loaded brush and the curtain of colour technique.
Follow the four images below to guide you as you proceed down the page. Paint down to the level shown leaving the top edge of the boat study large picture as a guide.

2 The water and reflections undertone:
Continue down with the [SS] colour mix, create a shape in the water that will be the castle reflection undertone.
To either side of this shape introduce the [SW] Winsor Blue colour wash all this is wet in wet, so speed is essential the castle reflection undertone should blend smoothly into the [SW] wash.
Before the picture begins to dry, using a damp brush carefully and quickly lift out the areas indicated on the last photo image, use the large picture as a guide.

Curtain of Colour
Visual explanations:

These four photos show the progression of the first wash, down the page, using the Curtain of Colour Technique which means maintaining a reservoir of colour at the bottom edge of the wash.
The images can be clicked to enlarge..

click for a larger version click for a larger version
click for a larger version
click for larger view

For a really comprehensive description of this technique and application go to the
Curtain of Colour page


The UHR pictures are usually 1200 or 1600 pixels and approx 720KB
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