Try printing this page from your browser to use as a reference. Click on this image for a larger version - approx. 11" x 8"
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#1 - Alizarin Crimson
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow

[OS] - Orange Sky = #9+#6+#1
[ML] - Mauve Lilac = #1+ #2 [*see note]
[RG] - Rich Green = #5 + #9 + #2+ #3
[DG] - Dark Green = #3+ #7+#5
[RB] - Rich Brown = #6 + #7 + #2
[LG] - Light Green = #4+ #5

cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

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Deer Park


Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.
Planning the painting: This is very important!
Mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix strong or weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

The Sky:
Classic Flat Wash application
Orange Sky [OS] Mix sufficient amounts of #9 and #6 and add small amounts of #1 to achieve a medium strength quantity of colour ( test for strength and chroma on your trial pad)
This application is more easily achieved if the picture is upside-down.
Start at the distant tree-line where sky meets trees
. Apply clean water, not an excessive amount along the pencil line about an inch wide (half each side), while it is still wet apply your sky colour using a loaded brush up to the pencil line. Your board should be slightly tilted allowing the wash to form a reservoir along the bottom of the wash. Maintain this procedure as you progress downward to the top of your sky (The picture being up-side down of course) applying a loaded brushfuls of colour as a series of horizontal strokes you should achieve a completely flat wash with no horizontal streaks or brush marks.
Allow to dry completely before going to the next stage.

Sky immediatly above the tree-line:
Mix a pale wash of #1 [Alizarin crimson] application method below
Distant Trees:
*note Mixing Mauve Lilac:
First mix sufficient #2 and add very small amounts of #1 until Lilac is achieved.
( test for strength and chroma on your trial pad).
Wth your picture the turned to its correct position, again apply clean water to the sky just above the distant tree line - a full 2 inches - apply the pale wash of #1 into the still wet clean water about half way into the wet area about an inch above the tree-line all the way across from edge to edge while now apply the Mauve/Lilac (stir the mix before use as the Ultramarine will have settled to the bottom and create a streak of darker blue when applied) continue applying as a flat wash down to the grassland area - now apply the rich green colour as described in the next column.....

Grass Land:
Mix a sufficient amount of the basic colour mix [RG] rich green - as a medium strength wash to cover the third of the paper remaining.
This colour will be introduced into the still wet Distant-Tree wash of Mauve/Lilac:

Into the still wet distant-tree colour.... Apply the Rich Green colour mix as a flat wash down to the bottom of the sheet

The Deer:
Add a little light red to the Tree colour and apply with a detail brush leaving small areas of white as can be seen in the larger picture.

I will try to answer any questions. and create a FAQ for this page to suit the majority of students needs.


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