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COLOURS USED
#1 - Alizarin Crimson 
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
#10 - Neutral Tint
BASIC COLOUR MIXES


cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

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Antibes

FOURTH STAGE
APPLICATION


Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.
Basic Mixing Method.
More water in the wash gives a pale or weak wash, more colour produces a stronger wash. Most mixes require only two colours, one will be darker than the other. Mix sufficient quantity of the lighter colour and just keep adding small quantities of the darker colour until you feel happy with it, keep checking your progress on your trial pad. I will try to create and present a chart of basic colour mixes (each being two colour mixes) Lilac is most common and rather difficult to achieve .see [*note] »

Planning the painting: This is very important!
First read through all the notes - mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix strong or weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!



[*note] on mixing Lilac or [ ML] Mauve Lilac:
From the feedback I've received mixing this colour seems to require a comment. When mixing two colours where one is much darker than the other, I would always mix sufficient quantity of just the pale colour, adding the darker colour by small amounts, until the correct tone and hue are achieved, continually using my test pad. However when both colours are dark, you need to decide which has the most intense staining quality. In this instance I feel that #1[Alizarin Crimson] is far more intense than #2 [French Ultramarine] so first mix sufficient #2 and add very small amounts of #1 until Lilac is reached, it's better to be too blue than violet. Try it out on your - trial pad!



Colours required:

TheSky
3 Colour mixes required:
1:-Mix a medium strength wash of #3 Winsor Blue
2:-Mix a weak/pale wash of #6 Light Red.
3:-Mix a medium strength wash of #2 French Ultramarine

The middle distance sea, between Rocks and Surf
1 colour only
:-Mix a medium strength wash of #3 Winsor Blue.

The foreground Sea:
3 Colour mixes required:
1:-Mix a medium strength wash of #3 Winsor Blue
2:-Mix a weak/pale wash of #6 Light Red.
3:-Mix a medium strength wash of #2 French Ultramarine

The Applications:
With your board upside down:
1st: The Sky.
Wet in wet application.
First the Light Red above the towers and the mountains and around the tree. Into the still wet Light Red add the Winsor Blue and finish off with the French Ultramarine..
Allow to dry while still upside down so that the colour does not feed back down to the horizon, which would cause capillary dry-back (or cauliflower marks).
The roofs are just a medium strength Light Red.
The middle distance sea areas:
Medium strength wash of #3 Winsor Blue.
The foreground Sea:
Apply the Winsor Blue around the surf at the left hand side work across to the right and blend in the French Ultramarine try to leave slivers of dry paper allowing the previous colour to show through as wavlets: see the large picture for guidance







     



 
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