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#1 - Alizarin Crimson
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow

[LG] - Light Green = #4+ #5
[MG] - Medium Green = #2+ #9
[DG] - Dark Green = #3+ #7+#5
[ML] - Mauve Lilac = #1+ #2 [*see note]
[RG] - Rich Grey = #2+ #7
[WG] - Warm Grey = #2+ #6

[CS] - Cold Stone= #1+#2+ #7

cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

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Birch Tree Farm


Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour.
Planning the painting:
Mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix strong or weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

Mixing Mauve Lilac: *note
First mix sufficient #2 and add very small amounts of #1 until Lilac is achieved.

The Sky: Wet in wet application

Turn your picture upside down and with your board slightly tilted, work from the farm buildings roof line towards you.
Mix separately the three colours #2 and #6 and #8 at medium to weak strength.
With a medium size brush apply clean water for just over an inch above the roof line and with a good size brush loaded with #8 apply into the wet area covering an area similar to the example, leave some dry paper for the addition of #2. Into the still wet Naples Yellow, drop Light Red which should spread, control the tilt of your board, now add #2 to the dry paper allowing the other colours to flood towards you.

The Hills:
Mix [RG] add sm of #1 apply with a loaded brush leaving breaks that will ultimately become leaves, bring the colour down to the distant tree line achieving a reservior of colour into which you must introduce or cw the distant tree colour.

Note [have your "distant trees" colour mixed ready, prior to applying the Hills colour] If the Hills colour is dryer than brown tree colour, when you introduce it, it will creep up too far into the Hills colour.

Distant Trees:
Mix the colours #2+#6+#7 to achieve a rich warm brown with the texture provided by #2 use your trial pad to determine a satisfactory mix before applying.

Middle Distance Field:
Apply a mix of [LG] just below the farm buildings, as indicated in the example, cw a mix of #5+sm of #6 - bring this colour down to the base of the gate and fence, cw a weak mix of the Hill colour leaving dry paper as indicated.

The bright yellow areas will be daffodills.
Mix #9+sm of #5 = [DY] Daff yellow
Mix [LG] rich in pigment.
Mix some more Distant Trees colour if necessary.
Apply [DY] as indicated cw [LG] allowing some areas of [DY] to remain fresh, then cw your distant Tree colour.

art class projectsbasic materials | art books ]
[ the drawing | painting stage-1 | painting stage-2 | painting stage-3 ]