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To access the UHR (Ultra-High-Resolution) images see the links at the bottom of the page.

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COLOURS USED shown in dark blue
#1 - Alizarin Crimson 
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
#10 - Neutral Tint


cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

[ the drg ] [ 1st. stage ] [ 2nd. stage ] [ 3rd. stage ] [ 4th. stage ] [ 5th. stage ]
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Standard Notes:
Planning the painting: This is very important!
First read through all the notes - mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix too strong or too weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

Top Lane Farm - Summer - Watercolour painting - stage 04 part 1:
The buildings shadow side:
Mix Burnt Umber for the straw in the hay barn. Shadows on the buildings Ultramarine and Light Red. Add a touch of Neutral Tint to your hay barn mix for the shadow side of the barn roof.
The Tree shadow side:
For dark parts of the left hand tree mix Ultramarine and Burnt Umber.

Top Lane Farm - Summer - Watercolour painting - stage 04 part 2:
The hedgerows:
Mix Burnt Umber on the flat area of the palette and some of the green already mixed.
The Tree shadow side and gate:
For dark parts of the left hand tree and for the gate mix Ultramarine and Burnt Umber.
The windows, doors and eaves:
For emphasis of shadows on the doors and windows also under the eaves add Neutral Tint to the tree mix.

Though the videos do not show the paintings too clearly - the application methods and colours used are easy to understand and the picture scans provide good images to use as the definitive guide.

Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.

Basic Mixing Method.
More water in the wash gives a pale or weak wash, more colour produces a stronger wash. Most mixes require only two colours, one will be darker than the other. Mix sufficient quantity of the lighter colour and just keep adding small quantities of the darker colour until you feel happy with it, keep checking your progress on your trial pad.


The UHR pictures are usually 1600 x 1200 pixels and approx 400 to 720KB
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