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COLOURS USED shown in dark blue
#1 - Alizarin Crimson   
#2 - French Ultramarine
#3 - Winsor Blue
#4 - CeruleanBlue
#5 - Raw Sienna
#6 - Light Red
#7 - Burnt Umber
#8 - Naples Yellow
#9 - Winsor Yellow
#10 - Neutral Tint

SY-sky yellow = #9+sm#6
CL-clouds = #6+sm#1+sm#10


cw refers to the term "charge with" meaning to introduce a colour into a still wet colour.(Wet-in-wet)
sm refers to the term "smallest amount"

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Standard Notes:
Planning the painting: This is very important!
First read through all the notes and watch the video clips - mentally paint the picture before proceeding - analyse the source picture above - and PLEASE be aware of the colour mixes you are about to apply to each area, and the order in which they are applied, try visualising the result. Will the brush you are about to use carry enough colour - have you mixed enough colour - is the mix too strong or too weak? Try it out on your - trial pad!

Top Lane Farm - Summer - Watercolour painting - stage 02 part1:
Mix Ultramarine and add a touch of Light Red.
Distant Hills :
Use the colour already mixed for the roofs, add just a touch of Crimson Alizarin and some Light Red add water to make it paler than the roofs..
Distant Fields :
Mix pale Raw Sienna and add a touch of the colour you mixed for the distant hills.

Top Lane Farm - Summer - Watercolour painting - stage 02 part2:
Farm Buildings :
Mix some pale Light Red and add a touch of the distant hill's colour.
Left hand Tree:
Add some more Ultramarine and Light Red to the distant hill colour, also mix a moss green, using Winsor Yellow, Winsor Blue and add a touch of Burnt Umber, this moss green is added wet in wet to the grey application on the tree.
Dutch Barn Roof:
Mix medium strength Light Red and add a tiny amount of Alizarin Crimson.


Though the videos do not show the paintings too clearly - the application methods and colours used are easy to understand and the picture scans provide good images to use as the definitive guide.

Application of washes.
This should be quick using as few strokes as possible to cover any area being worked on. A minimal amount of brush-strokes equals greater purity and translucency of colour. Too much dabbing and scrubbing when applying the colour kills its freshness.

Basic Mixing Method.
More water in the wash gives a pale or weak wash, more colour produces a stronger wash. Most mixes require only two colours, one will be darker than the other. Mix sufficient quantity of the lighter colour and just keep adding small quantities of the darker colour until you feel happy with it, keep checking your progress on your trial pad.



The UHR pictures are usually 1600 x 1200 pixels and approx 400 to 720KB
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